Azad Kashmir | Meaning, History, Population, & Government

Jammu and Kashmir is a region administered by India as a union territory and consists of the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962.

Area: 42,241 km²

Capital: Srinagar (May–October); Jammu (Nov-April)

Union territory: 31 October 2019

Districts: 20

Highest elevation (Nun Peak): 7,135 m (23,409 ft)

Administering country: India

Azad Jammu and Kashmir

Azad Jammu and Kashmir, abbreviated as AJK and colloquially referred to as simply Azad Kashmir, is a region administered by Pakistan as a nominally self-governing entity and constituting the western portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947.

Area: 13,297 km²

Districts: 10

Population: 4.045 million (2017)

Largest city: Muzaffarabad

Divisions: 3

Team: AJK Jaguars

Azad Kashmir famous

Azad Kashmir has known for its unsurpassed scenic beauty that is commonly known as ‘the Heaven on Earth’. Azad Kashmir has many beautiful locations that attract tourists throughout the year by showing the natural beauty and panoramic view in Pakistan.

Founder of Azad Kashmir

Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan (22 April 1915 – 31 July 2003) was the key instigator of the 1947 Poonch Rebellion in the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir and the later establishment of Azad Kashmir under Pakistani administrative control.

History of Azad Kashmir

Azad (“Free”) Kashmir, established in 1947 after the partition of India, is neither a province nor an agency of Pakistan but has a government of its own that is regarded by Pakistan as “independent,” even though it is protected by and economically and administratively linked to Pakistan.

Called Azad Kashmir

This was to be followed by a plebiscite to determine the wishes of people of the entire state of Kashmir. However, the required withdrawal never happened. The area which remained under the control of Pakistan is called Azad Kashmir. India took over two-thirds of Kashmir without withdrawing their forces.

Current status and political divisions. India has control of about half the area of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, which comprises Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, while Pakistan controls a third of the region, divided into two provinces, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.


Muzaffarabad (/ˌmʊzəˌfærəˈbæd/; Urdu: مُظفّر آباد) is the capital and largest city of Azad Kashmir, and the 60th largest in Pakistan. The city is located in Muzaffarabad District, near the confluence of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers.

President of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Incumbent Sultan Mehmood Chaudhry since 25 August 2021
AppointerAzad Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
Term length5 years


Muzaffarabad is the capital city of Azad Kashmir which is 138 kilometers (86 mi) away from Rawalpindi and Islamabad, accessible via Kohala bridge and Hazara motorway. It is located at the confluence of Jhelum and Neelum rivers.

It is the administrative capital of Azad Kashmir. Muzaffarabad is home to three main rivers flowing through Kashmir, Neelum , Jehlum and Kunhar.

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area of the Pakistani-administered sector of the Kashmir

Azad Kashmir, also called Azad Jammu and Kashmir, area of the Pakistani-administered sector of the Kashmir region, in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. Azad (“Free”) Kashmir, established in 1947 after the partition of India, is neither a province nor an agency of Pakistan but has a government of its own that is regarded by Pakistan as “independent,” even though it is protected by and economically and administratively linked to Pakistan. It has an area of approximately 650 square miles (1,680 square km) and consists of an arc of territory bordering the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir to the east, the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the south and southwest and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, and the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistani-administered Kashmir to the north.

Northern Azad Kashmir comprises foothills of the Himalayas rising to Jamgarh Peak (15,531 feet [4,734 metres]); south of this are the northwestern reaches of the Pir Panjal Range, which has an average crest line of 12,500 feet (3,800 metres). The region is in the subduction zone at the most northerly extension of the Indian-Australian tectonic plate and is prone to powerful seismic activity. In 2005 a strong earthquake devastated the administrative centre of Muzaffarabad and surrounding regions.

The Jhelum River and its upper tributaries, including the Punch River, have cut deeply incised and terraced valleys through these mountain ranges; the Jhelum also constitutes most of the western boundary of Azad Kashmir. The southern part of the territory consists of a narrow zone of plains country in the Punch region that is characterized by interlocking sandy alluvial fans. Thorn scrub and coarse grass are the dominant forms of vegetation in the south; this scrubland gives way to pine forests at higher elevations in the north.

The administration of Azad Kashmir is overseen by Pakistan’s Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and headquartered at Muzaffarabad, which is linked by road with Abbottabad to the southwest. Mirpur is the major town in the southern part of the territory.

Abstract: This study aims to present the description of Pahari, a hitherto undocumented South Asian language spoken in the Azad State of Jammu & Kashmir (henceforth AJ&K), Pakistan. The analysis presented in this study is based on the data collected between 2013-2016 from Pahari speakers.

Kashmir earthquake of 2005, disastrous earthquake that occurred on October 8, 2005, in the Pakistan-administered portion of the Kashmir region and in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP; called Khyber Pakhtunkhwa after 2010) of Pakistan; it also affected adjacent parts of India and Afghanistan. At least 79,000 people were killed and more than 32,000 buildings collapsed in Kashmir, with additional fatalities and destruction reported in India and Afghanistan, making it one of the most destructive earthquakes of contemporary times.

History of Azad Kashmir

The history of Azad Kashmir, a part of the Kashmir region administered by Pakistan, is related to the history of the Kashmir region during the Dogra rule. Azad Kashmir borders the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the south and west respectively, Gilgit–Baltistan to the north, and the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir to the east.
Modern history.
The princely state of Jammu and Kashmir came into being in 1846 after the First Anglo-Sikh War. Prior to that, Jammu was a tributary of the Sikh empire based in Lahore. Gulab Singh, formerly a footman in the Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s army who distinguished himself in various campaigns, was appointed as the Raja of Jammu in 1822. The Valley of Kashmir was also a part of the Sikh empire, ruled through a separate governor. Raja Gulab Singh successively fought and captured Rajouri (1821), Kishtwar (1821), and through his general Zorawar Singh, Suru valley and Kargil (1835), Ladakh (1834–1840), and Baltistan (1840). He became a wealthy and influential noble in the Sikh court.

Colleges in Azad Kashmir – Universities in Azad Kashmir
Azad Kashmir is the most beautiful and important territory of Pakistan, the average graduates of whole Pakistan is 2.9% whereas the graduates from Azad Kashmir are 2.5%. The educational institutes and the colleges/ universities in Azad Kashmir play an important role for the education services.
Colleges/Universities in Azad Kashmir are more famous to build the real career of the students of Azad Kashmir educational services. Mohi-Ud-Din Islamic University Nerian Sharif, wedish Institute of Engineering & Technology, is most important institutes of Azad Kashmir.
Among the list of Famous colleges/Universities in Azad Kashmir, Cadet College Palandri , Govt. Degree College for Women, Govt. Khan Muhammad Khan Degree College Palandri, apt. Hussain Khan Shaheed Govt. Degree College, University College of Agriculture Rawalkot, Raja Budhya Khan Govt. Degree College Samahni are the most important colleges/ universities of Azad Kashmir.
Colleges/Universties in Azad Kashmir offering their unique educational services for the students to build the healthy sound mind nation. You can see the list of educational institutes from here just in one place.

Published in apnimag: 16 Octuber,2022

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