History of Faisalabad


City in Pakistan

Faisalabad, formerly known as Lyallpur, named after the founder of the city, but was renamed in 1977 in honour of late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. It is the 3rd largest city of Pakistan after Karachi and Lahore respectively, and the 2nd largest city of Punjab after Lahore.

Area: 1,330 km²

Elevation: 186 m

Weather: 27°C, Wind SE at 0 km/h, 44% Humidity

Population: 3.204 million (2017) United Nations

Local time: Sunday 8:06 pm

Neighborhoods: D Ground, Batala Colony, Kohinoor City, MORE

Faisalabad’s Ghanta Ghar or Clock Tower is located within its city centre. The Clock Tower was founded in 1903 by Sir Charles Riwaz who was the British Lieutenant Governor of Punjab. It is an architectural marvel to behold.

Faisalabad is now a significant industrial center with the well-developed road, rail, and air networks. In allusion to its thriving textile sector, which is quite similar to Manchester’s, the city is often known as the “Manchester of Pakistan.” Faisalabad is also known as the “City of Textiles” for similar reasons.

Standard Punjabi

Standard Punjabi is spoken by the majority of the people in Faisalabad, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sheikhupura, Kasur, Sialkot, Narowal, Gujrat, Okara, Pakpattan, Sahiwal, Hafizabad, Nankana Sahib and Mandi Bahauddin districts of Pakistan’s Punjab Province.

Faisalabad Division is an administrative division of Punjab, Pakistan. The reforms of 2000 abolished the third tier of government but was restored again in 2008.

Faisalabad was once part of ancient district Jhang and Sandalbar, mainly consisting of thick forests and local tribes. The city of Lyallpur came into being in 1880 with the city center designed by Captain Poham Young, to imitate the Union Flag with eight roads radiating from a large clock tower (Ghenta Ghar) in the centre of eight separate bazaars. In 1895, the rail link between Wazirabad and Lyallpur was completed. As the progress of colonization stepped up, Lyallpur was given the status of a Tehsil of Jhang District and its administration carried on in tents on the old Theh (Mound) of Pucca Mari near Tariqabad. In 1943, Muhammad Ali Jinnah came to Lyallpur and addressed a gathering of over 2 million in Dhobi Ghat ground. The city grew into a strong industrial and agricultural centre and on independence of Pakistan it was a major urban area. In 1977, the name of the city was “Faisalabad”, after the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia to commemorate deep friendship which exists between the two great Islamic countries of the world. In 1985, Faisalabad was upgraded as a division with the districts of Faisalabad, Jhang and Toba Tek Singh.


By Car:

Faisalabad is linked via the M-3 Motorway which branches off at Faisalabad-Pindi Bhattian Interchange located on the Lahore-Islamabad motorway. There is also a dual carriageway from Lahore to Faisalabad via Sheikhupura. Health Sciences Wing of the University is located 2km off the toll plaza on Sargodha Road while travelling towards the city. Engineering Wing is situated on the West bank of Canal and is about 5km from Abdullahpur crossing or 3km from Gatwala Park located on the Sheikhupura Road.

By Air:

Faisalabad International Airport is about 10km from the city center. Passenger flights are run by the national flag carrier as well as other domestic airlines.

By Coach:

An exclusive Daewoo Express coach service along with several other coach services originate from the city linking all major cities of the country.

Faisalabad was a tiny town founded only to act as an agricultural market/mandi. Now it has grown as a metropolitan city which enjoys third position in the country as far as population and industrial growth is concerned. The Faisalabad district came into existence in 1904 named as Lyallpur back then which was a Tehsil of Jhang district earlier. During the later part of the 19th century, the Government of India initiated a great system of artificial irrigation through construction of canals.

The area of Faisalabad district was part of three districts i.e. Gujranwala, Jhang and Sahiwal. This area was located between river Ravi and river Chenab and formed part of Rachna Doab. It was named Lyallpur to pay tribute to Sir James Lyall, Lt. Governor of Punjab, for his services rendered in colonization of the lower Chenab valley.

The design of the town was prepared by a colonization officer Captain Pophan Young C.I.E. in 1896. Lyallpur tehsil is comprised of Gujranwala, Jhang and Sahiwal and was given under the administrative control of district Jhang:

Founding Year (Lyallpur)1897
District Status1904
Divisional Status1982
District Government Status2001
CDGF Status2005
Restoration of Divisional Status 2008
District Administration Status2017
Number of Constituencies (NA)11
Number of Constituencies (PP)22
Number of Villages842
Number of Police Stations42
Population Census (2017) 7.874 million
Rural: 4.114 million     Urban: 3.760 million

Punjab, province of eastern Pakistan. It is bordered by the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir to the northeast, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, Sindh province to the south, Balochistān and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces to the west, and Islamabad federal capital area and Azad Kashmir to the north. The provincial capital, Lahore, is located in the east-central region, near the border with India. The name Punjab means “five waters,” or “five rivers,” and signifies the land drained by the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers, which are tributaries of the Indus River. Punjab is Pakistan’s second largest province, after Balochistān, and the most densely populated. Area 79,284 square miles (205,345 square km). Pop. (2011 est.) 91,379,615.

Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, containing more than half the country’s total population as well as several of its major cities: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multān, and Gujranwala. There is considerable rural-to-urban migration in the province, especially to the larger cities. In religion, the province is almost entirely Muslim, with a small Christian minority. Punjabi is the mother tongue of the great majority of the population. The main written language is Urdu, followed by English. The major ethnic groups are the Jat, Rajput, Arain, Gujar, and Awan. The caste system is gradually becoming blurred as a result of increasing social mobility, intercaste marriages, and changing public opinion.

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Punjab is one of the more industrialized provinces in Pakistan; its manufacturing industries produce textiles, machinery, electrical appliances, surgical instruments, metals, bicycles and rickshaws, floor coverings, and processed foods. Pakistan’s main north-south road and railway connect Lahore with Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, to the north and with the ocean port of Karachi to the south. Punjab is connected by road or railway to India, China, and Afghanistan, and its major cities are linked by road. Lahore’s airport provides domestic service. The University of the Punjab and the University of Engineering and Technology are located in Lahore, as are other colleges, museums, libraries, and cultural centres.

List of Top engineering universities in Faisalabad
University of Engineering and Technology (UET) Lahore, Faisalabad Campus
The University of Faisalabad
Preston University, Faisalabad Campus
Department Of Software Engineering, GCUF

Published in Apnimag,16 Octuber,2022

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