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City in Pakistan

Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan and the twelfth-largest city in the world. It is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh. Ranked as a beta-global city, it is Pakistan’s premier industrial and financial centre, with an estimated GDP of $164 billion as of 2019.

Area: 3,780 km²

Elevation: 10 m

Weather: 33°C, Wind W at 11 km/h, 31% Humidity

Local time: Sunday 12:45 pm

Population: 14.91 million (2017) United Nations

Area code: 021

Modern Karachi was reputedly founded in 1729 as the settlement of Kolachi-jo-Goth during the rule of Kalhora dynasty. The new settlement is said to have been named in honour of Mai Kolachi, whose son is said to have slain a man-eating crocodile in the village after his elder brothers had already been killed by it.

History of Karachi

The area of Karachi in Sindh, Pakistan has a natural harbor and has been used as fishing port by local fisherman belonging to Sindhi tribes since prehistory. Archaeological excavations have uncovered a period going back to Indus valley civilisation which shows the importance of the port since the Bronze Age.

Karachi is the financial and commercial capital of Pakistan. In line with its status as a major port.

The MCB Tower

Revenue collected from Karachi includes revenue from some other areas since the Large Tax Unit (LTU) Karachi and Regional Tax Offices (RTOs) Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur & Quetta cover the entire province of Sindh and Balochistan. Karachi’s indigenous contribution to national revenue is around 25%.

Ocean Towar

Most major foreign multinational corporations operating in Pakistan have their headquarters in Karachi. The Karachi Stock Exchange is the largest stock exchange in Pakistan, and is considered by many economists to be one of the prime reasons for Pakistan’s 8% GDP growth across 2005.

Satellite view of Karachi

pharmaceuticals, steel, and automobiles. In addition, Karachi has a vibrant cottage industry and there is a rapidly flourishing Free Zone with an annual growth rate. The Karachi Expo Centre hosts many regional and international exhibitions. There are many development projects proposed, approved and under construction in Karachi.


The first form of government was a conservancy board established in 1846 to control the spread of cholera in the city. The board became a municipal commission in 1852, and a municipal committee the following year. The City of Karachi Municipal Act of 1933 transformed the city administration into a municipal corporation with a mayor, a deputy mayor and 57 councillors. In 1948, the Federal Capital Territory of Pakistan was created, comprising approximately 2,103 km2 (812 sq mi) of Karachi and surrounding areas, but this was merged into the province of West Pakistan in 1961. However, the municipal corporation remained in existence and in 1976 became a metropolitan corporation, followed by the creation of zonal municipal committees, which lasted until 1994. Two years later the metropolitan area was divided into five districts, each with a municipal corporation.

Location of Karachi

Again in 2011, City District Government of Karachi has been de-merged into its five original constituent districts namely Karachi East, Karachi West, Karachi Central, Karachi South and District Malir. These five districts form the Karachi Division now. City administrator is Muhammad Hussain Syed and Municipal Commissioner of Karachi is Matanat Ali Khan. There are also six military cantonments which are administered by the Pakistan Army.

Art and culture

Karachi is home to some of Pakistan’s important cultural institutions. The National Academy of Performing Arts, located in the newly renovated Hindu Gymkhana, offers a two-year diploma course in performing arts that includes classical music and contemporary theatre. The All Pakistan Music Conference, linked to the 45-year-old similar institution in Lahore, has been holding its Annual Music Festival since its inception in 2004. The Festival is now a well-established feature of the city life of Karachi that is attended by more than 3000 citizens of Karachi as well as people from other cities. The National Arts Council (Koocha-e-Saqafat) has musical performances and mushaira (poetry recitations). The

National Museum of Pakistan

Kara Film Festival annually showcases independent Pakistani and international films and documentaries. Karachi is home to many theatre, music and dance performance groups, such as Thespianz Theater, a professional youth-based, non-profit performing arts group, which works non-stop on theater and arts activities in Pakistan.

Mohatta Palace

The everyday lifestyle of Karachi differs substantially from that of other Pakistani cities and towns. The culture of Karachi is characterized by the blending of South Asian, Middle Eastern, Central Asian and Western influences, as well as its status as a major international business centre. Karachi hosts the largest middle class stratum of the country and is the most liberal city in Pakistan.


Karachi has a rich collection of buildings and structures of varied architectural styles. Many modern high-rise buildings are under construction. The downtown districts of Saddar and Clifton contain a variety of early 20th-century architecture, ranging in style from the neo-classical KPT building to the Sindh High Court Building. During the period of British rule, classical architecture was preferred for monuments of the British Raj. Karachi acquired its first neo-Gothic or Indo-Gothic buildings when

3 Talwar (Swords), Clifton, Karachi

Frere Hall, Empress Market and St. Patrick’s Cathedral were completed. The Mock Tudor architectural style was introduced in the Karachi Gymkhana and the Boat Club. Neo-Renaissance architecture was popular in the 19th century and was the language for St. Joseph’s Convent (1870) and the Sind Club (1883). The classical style made a comeback in the late 19th century, as seen in Lady Dufferin Hospital (1898) and the Cantt. Railway Station. While Italianate buildings remained popular, an eclectic blend termed Indo-Saracenic or Anglo-Mughal began to emerge in some locations. The local mercantile community began acquiring impressive mercantile structures. Zaibunnisa Street in the Saddar area (known as Elphinstone Street in British days) is an example where the mercantile groups adopted the Italianate and Indo-Saracenic style to demonstrate their familiarity with Western culture and their own. The Hindu Gymkhana (1925) and Mohatta Palace are the example of Mughal revival buildings. The Sindh Wildlife Conservation Building, located in Saddar, served as a Freemasonic Lodge until it was taken over by the government. There are talks of it being taken away from this custody and being renovated and the Lodge being preserved with its original woodwork and ornate wooden staircase.

Dolmen City Karachi
In recent years, a large number of architecturally distinctive, even eccentric, buildings have sprung up throughout Karachi. Notable examples of contemporary architecture include the Pakistan State Oil Headquarters building and the Karachi Financial Towers. The city has numerous examples of modern Islamic architecture, including the Aga Khan University hospital, Masjid e Tooba, Faran Mosque, Bait-ul Mukarram Mosque, Quaid’s Mausoleum, and the Textile Institute of Pakistan. One of the unique cultural elements of Karachi is that the residences, which are two- or three-story townhouses, are built with the front yard protected by a high brick wall. Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar Road features a range of extremely tall buildings. The most prominent examples include the Habib Bank Plaza, PRC Towers and the MCB Tower which is the tallest skyscraper in Pakistan.

Fashion, shopping and entertainment

Port Grand Food and Entertainment Complex

The night life in Karachi is believed to be the best in all of Pakistan. Karachi is also known as city of lights and the city which never sleeps. Almost every day entertainment events are held in Karachi ranging from fashion shows, concerts, or even small gigs at local cafes.


Bai Virbaijee Soparivala (B.V.S.) Parsi High School

Karachi is the most educated city of Pakistan, with the highest literacy rate along with a gross enrollment ratio of 111%, the highest in Sindh. Education in Karachi is divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high (grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary School Certificate); and university programs leading to graduate and advanced degrees. Karachi has both public and private educational institutions. Most educational institutions are gender-based, from primary to university level.

National Academy of Performing Arts

The University of Karachi, known as KU, is Pakistan’s largest university, with a student population of 24,000 and one of the largest faculties in the world. It is located next to the NED University of Engineering and Technology, the country’s oldest engineering institute. In the private sector, The National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (NUCES-FAST), one of Pakistan’s top universities in computer education, operates two campuses in Karachi. Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology (SSUET) provides reputable training in biomedical engineering, civil engineering, electronics engineering, telecom engineering and computer engineering. Dawood College of Engineering and Technology, which opened in 1962, offers degree programmes in electronic engineering, chemical engineering, industrial engineering, materials engineering and architecture. Karachi Institute of Economics & Technology (KIET) has two campuses in Karachi and has been growing rapidly since its inception in 1997.

For religious education, the Jamia Uloom ul Islamia (one of the largest Islamic education centres of Asia), Jamia Binoria and Darul ‘Uloom Karachi are among the Islamic schools in Karachi.

Traffic in Karach

Lyari Expressway is a highway currently under construction along the Lyari River in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. Lyari Expressway’s North bound section is currently under construction, While the South bound corridor is now completed and it was inaugurated for traffic. This toll highway is designed to relieve congestion in the city of Karachi. Karachi Northern Bypass (M10) begins north of Karachi at the end of Mohammad Ali Jinnah Road, near the junction of the M9. It then continues north for a few kilometers before turning west, where it forms an interchange with the N25. After this interchange it eventually turns south back towards Karachi and merges onto the KPT Flyover at Karachi Port.


Rail in Karachi
Karachi is linked by rail to the rest of the country by Pakistan Railways. The Karachi City Station and Karachi Cantonment Railway Station are the city’s two major railway stations. The railway system handles a large amount of freight to and from the Karachi port and provides passenger services to people traveling up country. A project to transform the existing, but non-operational, Karachi Circular Railway into a modern mass transit system had been approved by the government but has been delayed to 2013 due to lack of funds. The $1.6 billion project will be financed by the Japan Bank for International Cooperation and will be completed by 2013. The city government has introduced an initiative to alleviate the transport pains by introducing new CNG buses.


 Airlines in Karachi

The Jinnah International Airport is located in Karachi. It is the largest and busiest airport of Pakistan. It handles 10 million passengers a year. The airport receives the largest number of foreign airlines, a total of 35 airlines and cargo operators fly to Jinnah International predominantly from the Middle East and Southeast Asia. All of Pakistan’s airlines use Karachi as their primary transport hub including PIA – Pakistan International Airlines, Airblue, and Shaheen Air International. The city’s old airport terminals are now used for Hajj flights, offices, cargo facilities, and ceremonial visits from heads of state. U.S. Coalition forces used the old terminals for their logistic supply operations as well. The city has two other airstrips, used primarily by the armed forces.


Ship in Karachi Navey
The largest shipping ports in Pakistan are the Port of Karachi and the nearby Port Qasim. These seaports have modern facilities and not only handle trade for Pakistan, but serve as ports for Afghanistan and the landlocked Central Asian countries. Plans have been announced for new passenger facilities at the Port of Karachi. Recently Port Qasim Authority (PQA) has announced that an implementation agreement is being signed for the development of a ‘pollution free’ Coal, Cement and Clinker Terminal (CCCT) worth $175 million with a handling capacity of up to eight million tons per year at port. This step would save the environment from irreparable damages and the health of the port workforce and nearby populations from serious respiratory diseases which would have been a serious threat if the powdery coal was handled in open / bulk on berths at port.

Top Attractions in Karachi

List of universities in Karachi
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List of universities in Karachi is located in Karachi
D. J. Sindh Government Science College
D. J. Sindh Government Science College
Aga Khan
Aga Khan
Location of some universities in Karachi
There are a number of higher education institutions in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. These include universities supported by the federal government of Pakistan and the provincial government of Sindh. There are also several private universities supported by various bodies and societies. The Higher Education Commission of Pakistan maintains a list of recognized universities.[1]
1 List
2 Other institutions
3 See also
4 References
5 External links
Date of grant of university status. Department of Economics, University of Karachi NED is considered best for Engineering FAST University, Karachi University Type Established Specialization Website DHA Suffa University Private 2012 Computer Science,Engineering,Business [2] Greenwich University Private 1998 Business [3] University of Karachi Public 1951 General [4] National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, FAST-NUCES Private 1980 General [5] Sindh Madressatul Islam University Public 1885 General [6] Hamdard University[1] Private 1991 General [7] NED University of Engineering and Technology[8] Public 1921 (1977) Engineering [9]
Dawood University of Engineering and Technology[8] Public 1962 (2007)* Engineering [10]
Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology[1] Private 1993 Engineering [11]
Karachi Institute of Economics and Technology Private 1997 Engineering, management, Computer Science [12]
Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology Private 1995 Technology, management, general [13]
National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Karachi campus Private 1985 Computer science [14]
Aga Khan University Private 1983 Medical sciences [15]
Dow University of Health Sciences Public 1945 (2003)* Medical sciences [16]
Ziauddin University Private 1995 Medical sciences [17]
Baqai Medical University[1] Private 1988 Medical sciences [18]
Karachi Medical and Dental College Public 1991 Medical sciences [19]
Benazir Bhutto Shaheed University Public 2010 Medical sciences
Institute of Business Administration, Karachi Private 1955 Business studies [20]
Karachi School of Business and Leadership Private 2012 Business studies [21]
Institute of Business Management Private 1995 Business management, engineering and technology [22]
Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore campus Private 2000 Computer science [23]
Nazeer Hussain University, FB area Private 2012 Engineering, business, pharmacy [24]
Altamash Institute of Dental Medicine, Punjab Chowrangi Private 1980s Health sciences [25]
Adamson Institute of Business Administration and Technology Private 2005 Business Administration [26]
Bahria University, Karachi campus Public/naval 2000 General [27]
Federal Urdu University, Karachi campus[1] Public 2002 General [28]
Preston Institute of Management Science and Technology[1] Private 2001 Management, technology and business studies [29]
Pakistan Marine Academy Public 1962 [30]
Pakistan Naval Academy Public 1970 [31]
Pakistan Navy Engineering College Public 1966 Engineering [32]
Sindh Madrasatul Islam Public 1885 (2012)* General [33]
Dadabhoy Institute of Higher Education[1] Private 2003 General [34]
Indus University[1] Private 2002 Business administration; electrical engineering; textile, interior & fashion designing; science & technology [35]
Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture[1] Private 1989 Arts and architecture [36]
Ilma University Private 2001 Computer Sciences, Media Sciences, Business Administration [37] [38]
Iqra University[1] Private 1998 [39]
Jinnah University for Women[1] Private 1998 General [40]
KASB Institute of Technology Private 1999 General [41]
Mohammad Ali Jinnah University Private 1998 General [42]
Newports Institute of Communications & Economics[1] Private 1999 Management, technology and economics [43]
Preston University, Pakistan[1] Private 1984 General [44]
Textile Institute of Pakistan[1] Private 1994 Textile and apparel (design/science/business) [45]
Habib University[1] Private 2014 Liberal arts and sciences, computer science and engineering [46]
Karachi Institute of Technology and Entrepreneurship Private 2013 Business, computer science, law, architecture and design [47]
Sindh Institute of Management and Technology[1] Private 2015 Arts and sciences, computer science and engineering Technology [48]
MiTE – Millennium Institute of Technology and Entrepreneurship Private 2022 Computer Science, Business and Fashion Designing [49]

  1. Dolmen Mall Clifton. 498. Shopping Malls. …
  2. PAF Museum. 286. Speciality Museums. …
  3. Port Grand. 335. Shopping Malls. …
  4. Mazar-E-Quaid. 241. Monuments & Statues. …
  5. LuckyOne Mall. Shopping Malls. Open now. …
  6. Zainab Market. Flea & Street Markets. By MI439. …
  7. Empress Market. 164. …
  8. Mohatta Palace Museum. 222
  1. Published in Apnimag, 16 Octuber ,2022

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